Network

 

Federal University Computer Network of Russia RUNNet is a national-scale backbone network that has a high-speed backbone infrastructure, an international channel that provides interaction with international scientific and educational networks and integration into a global Internet that participates in the exchange of traffic with the majority of Russian IP networks. The RUNNet network includes telecommunication networks of separate educational and scientific organizations subordinate to the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, infrastructure-related and united by a common address space.

The transport infrastructure of the RUNNet network is a backbone network that provides backbone connectivity between all federal districts of the Russian Federation (telecommunication nodes of the network are located in more than fifty regions of the Russian Federation). The work of the backbone network is provided by federal and regional nodes of the RUNNet network.

The nodes in Moscow and St. Petersburg are the main segments of the RUNNet network, integrated with their own fiber-optic communication lines, which have a branched infrastructure and provide a 100% redundancy of nodes. Federal nodes are interconnected by high-speed backbone channels with a total capacity of 40 Gbit / s, which are organized on the basis of physically independent highways.

Regional nodes of the RUNNet network are located in the largest cities of the Russian Federation (Ekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Saratov, Perm, Ufa, Khabarovsk, Chelyabinsk and others) and are backbone telecommunication nodes used to connect to networks located in the center of the subject of educational and scientific organizations.

Regional nodes in the cities of Nizhny Novgorod, Perm, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Ufa, Samara, Saratov are built using ring redundancy with 10 Gbps communication channels (project 3R - RUNNet Russian Ring); access to the RUNNet network and transit to the global Internet is provided to them through the network nodes in Moscow.

Federal nodes of the RUNNet network are connected by high-speed backbone channels to each other, to regional nodes of the network, to access centers of telecommunication scientific and branch networks of other departments and networks of other telecommunication operators, as well as to the global Internet network.

Regional nodes of the RUNNet network are traditionally located in the leading classical and technical organizations of higher education in the Russian Federation, they are access nodes used to connect the subject's educational and scientific organizations to the network. The most developed regional segments of the network are located in cities of federal significance - Moscow and St. Petersburg, where most state universities, regional scientific and educational networks and other organizations are connected to RUNNet. 

In Moscow, the basic nodes of the RUNNet network are located on the sites of large telecommunications nodes (M-9, M-10, CTS, etc.). Users of the network in Moscow are leading universities, such as the Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State Technical University. N.E. Bauman, MIPT, NNIU "MEPhI", NIU "MEI", MAI (NIU), NIU "MISiS", MTU, MSTU "Stankin", MADI, HSE, G.V. Plekhanov RER, PFUR, MIIGAiK, MATI, N.I. Pirogov RNIMU, Sechenov The First Moscow State Medical University and others. The throughput of the RUNNet backbone infrastructure in Moscow is 10 Gbit / s. The connection of higher education institutions is usually carried out with FOCL with a capacity of 10 or 1 Gbit / s.

In St. Petersburg, there are nine basic nodes of the core network and several dozen access points located primarily in the universities and research organizations of the city. The transport network is built on the basis of fiber-optic communication lines, the transmission of data on which is carried out with a capacity of 10 or 1 Gbit / s. In St. Petersburg, RUNNet connects most state higher education institutions (including the largest of them - SPbPU, NMSU "Gornyi", University ITMO, SPbGETU "LETI", RGPU named after AI Herzen, PSPbMU, SPbGEU, GUAP, RSHU, SPbGIK, St. Petersburg State University named after Prof. MA Bonch-Bruevich, etc.), dozens of institutions of science, culture and health.

Among the large state universities connected to the RUNNet network from other Russian regions, there are federal universities - the Baltic (Kaliningrad), the North Caucasus (Stavropol), the Urals (Ekaterinburg) and the Southern (Rostov-on-Don) , national research universities - Mordovsky (Saransk), Nizhny Novgorod, Perm, Perm Polytechnic, Samara Aerospace, Saratov, Tomsk, South Ural (Chelyabinsk) and several others.

 The connectivity of the RUNNet network with the international scientific and educational telecommunication space is carried out through the federal node of the RUNNet network in St. Petersburg through RUNNet's own high-speed DWDM channel St. Petersburg-Helsinki (total capacity is up to 8800 Gbit / s). Further coherence with European and world scientific and educational networks is realized on the basis of a multi-year agreement on cooperation with the scientific and educational network of the Nordic countries NORDUnet, which provides the foreign presence of the RUNNet network in Stockholm and Amsterdam (NIKHEF).

The RUNNet network provides direct connectivity with the following scientific and educational networks:

  • NORDUnet (10 Gb / s) - the scientific and educational network of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland), which provides access to other scientific and educational networks in Europe and North America
  • European scientific and educational network GÉANT (through NORDUnet), which unites more than 40 national research and educational telecommunications networks in Europe

The main international communication operators providing access to RUNNet network users to the world resources of scientific and educational networks and the global Internet are Telia Sonera, Level 3 Communications and COGENT.

 The RUNNet network provides connectivity between academic and university campuses, resource centers of Russia's education system, with each other and with international scientific networks (GEANT, NORDUnet, NLR, etc.), with Russian scientific and educational networks (RBNet, RASNet, RUHEP, RSSI) and regional scientific and educational networks (Rokson, Rusnet, etc.).

In Moscow and St. Petersburg, there are developed data centers that host server and network equipment supporting basic services of the RUNNet network, as well as hosting national and regional research and educational Internet projects, including websites of federal educational authorities, federal educational portals, etc.

The RUNNet network provides the telecommunications connectivity of the high-performance computing resources of the Russian universities included in the Top50 list (top50.supercomputers.ru), including the supercomputer complexes of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, St. Petersburg, Vladimir, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Perm, Tomsk, South Ural State Universities, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Southern Federal University and others.