History

The University computer network RUNNet was initially organized with the aim of adopting specific practical measures to create a single information space for the education and science of Russia on the basis of an sectoral network infrastructure for improving management efficiency and ensuring information interaction between educational and scientific organizations while carrying out their core activities.

The RUNNet network was organized in 1994, at the dawn of the Internet development in Russia, as a response to the idea of a number of enthusiasts from the educational environment to create a nationwide network by integrating regional research and educational networks, networks of large universities and research organizations.

Dozens of universities and scientific organizations from many regions of Russia participated in the complex of works on the creation and development of the RUNNet network at different stages. The work was carried out with consistent supportof the state, including within the framework of the state scientific program "Universities of Russia", the program "Information networks of higher education", the inter-departmental program "Creation of a national network of computer telecommunications for science and higher education", federal targeted programs, government contracts and programs of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia. In recent years, the relevant work is being carried out within the framework of the state assignment of the SIIT&T "Informika" issued by the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia.


Year Key events

2016

An audit of the basic infrastructure of the RUNNet network with monitoring and analysis of key performance parameters of the main network routers and the grade of their utilization. Development of an action plan for upgrading the core network infrastructure, commissioning the high-performance Juniper MX480 router at the critical node of the MMTS-9 network (Moscow: Butlerov str., 7).

Modernization of the basic infrastructure of the RUNNet network on the Novosibirsk-Tomsk direction increasing the capacity of the communication channel to 10 Gbit/s.

The work on the deployment of an effective system of detection and prevention of DDoS attacks on the supporting infrastructure of the RUNNet network, the modernization of the monitoring, control and management of the network, the improvement of the blocking system for access to web resources prohibited by federal legislation.

The implementation of the connection to the traffic exchange node DATA-IX (St. Petersburg) with a capacity of 10 Gbit/s.

Further development of the corporate VoIP network project for Russian universities and educational authorities at the federal and regional levels. Users of IP-telephony RUNNet: more than 350 representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia and more than 200 employees of SIIT&T "Informika".


2015

Further development of the corporate VoIP for Russian universities and educational authorities at the federal and regional levels. More than 150 representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia and more than 200 employees of the SIIT&T "Informika" has become users of VoIP.

Work was carried out to update the hardware and software of the cloud-based RUNNet polygon with the inclusion of 10 nodes (6xCPU Intel Xeon E5620, RAM 32 Gb, HDD 6x2 Tb) with a total peak performance of 2.3 TFlops. The servers are connected by 1GE/10GE network, which provides local connectivity of cloud servers and Internet access.

The basic infrastructure of the RUNNet network on the Yekaterinburg - Novosibirsk direction has been upgraded with the increase in the capacity of the communication channel to 10 Gbit/s.


2014

Technological tests of 100G DWDM solutions were carried out and a complex of works on modernization of own DWDM-network RUNNet was implemented with increasing channel capacity on the direction of St. Petersburg - Helsinki up to 100 Gbit/s.

Realization of the project 3R (RUNNet Russian Ring) is the deployment of a network infrastructure in the European part of Russia, which is a transport "ring" that encompasses and connects the cities of Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Perm, Ekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Ufa, Samara and Saratov. These cities have modern data transmission equipment, which serves to close the "ring" and organize connectivity with the networks of universities and scientific organizations located in them. The bandwidth of communication channels between cities is 10 Gbit/s. Infrastructure "rings" are organized on the basis of DWDM technology using leased "lambda" channels.


2013

Work has been carried out to modernize the backbone infrastructure of the RUNNet network: as a result, the total capacity of domestic channels has been increased to 40 Gbit/s.

Continuation of work to improve the system of VoIP: the number of internal subscribers of the corporate telephone IP network exceeded 100 users, 18 universities are connected to the RUNNet VoIP server.


2012

Project has been launched to introduce corporate telephony services using VoIP technology in Russian universities and other educational and scientific organizations connected to the RUNNet network infrastructure, as well as in the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia and the SIIT&T "Informika". IP-network connected territorially distributed units of the SIIT&T "Informika", including sites in Moscow and a branch in St. Petersburg, and also provided an opportunity to access the telephone networks of Moscow and St. Petersburg.

The complex of works on approbation, testing and commissioning of its own cloud computing infrastructure (Cloud Computing) on the basis of the OpenStack platform has been implemented. The cloud polygon included 5 identical server nodes (4xCPU Intel Xeon E5620, RAM 12 Gb, HDD 4x1 Tb), interconnected by a network of GE.


2011

Work was carried out on the further development and technical support of the DWDM network on the St. Petersburg - Helsinki direction. Over a fiber-optic communication line with a length of 550 km, six communication centers have been installed, two of which (in St. Petersburg and Helsinki) are access nodes and allow the allocation of channels.

As a result of the implementation of decisions on the technological development of the fiber-optic channel infrastructure RUNNet, the support channels of the network in the direction Moscow - St. Petersburg - NORDUnet/GEANT at 40 Gbit/s are provided with interface of this reference channel with the functioning basic infrastructure of the RUNNet network on the directions of Moscow - Saint Petersburg, Moscow - Samara, Moscow - Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk - Khabarovsk, Moscow - Ekaterinburg, Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow - Rostov-on-Don.


2010

The exploitation of the high-speed DWDM network segment от the St. Petersburg - Helsinki direction, which connects Russian scientific and educational networks with the networks of Europe and the USA with a high-speed superhighway, has been continued. Taking into account the existing RUNNet channel with a capacity of 10 Gbit/s, Moscow - St. Petersburg - Stockholm - Amsterdam, it was possible to realize a fully reserved infrastructure on the international network direction.

Support was provided for the intra-Russian connectivity of scientific and educational networks in 49 constituent entities of the Russian Federation and an increase in the capacity of network channels on the Moscow - Samara (50 Mbit/s), Moscow - Yekaterinburg (42 Mbit/s), Moscow - Novosibirsk (78 Mbit/s), Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod (32 Mbit/s), Moscow - Rostov-on-Don (70 Mbit/s), Moscow - Khabarovsk (20 Mbit/s), Moscow - Vladivostok (18 Mbit/s), Rostov-on-Don - Krasnodar (20 Mbit/s), Rostov-on-Don - Stavropol (14 Mbit/s), Novosibirsk - Tomsk (10 Mbit/s), etc.

A new node of the RUNNet network in St. Petersburg (12 Kantemirovskaya str., The Raduga-2 Data Center) was put into operation, to which the DWDM network node was moved to St. Petersburg. The construction of a fiber-optic cable in St.-Petersburg between the points of Kantemirovskaya str., 12 and Borovaya str., 57, which allowed access to the DWDM system from all points of the city using the developed infrastructure of the node on the Borovaya street and get access to other channel operators to organize data transmission channels to Moscow.


2004-2009

The project of building its own DWDM-network (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) on the St. Petersburg - Helsinki direction was launched: the DWDM-system connects the Russian scientific and educational networks with the networks of Europe and the USA with a high-speed highway with the possibility to organize up to 72 wavelengths, traffic - up to 7200 Gbit/s. The main infrastructure of the RUNNet network has been modernized: the performance of the Moscow - St. Petersburg - Stockholm international channel has been increased to 10 Gbit/s.

Implemented full support for the IPv6 protocol on the backbone of the RUNNet network. Several Russian universities are connected to RUNNet via the IPv6 protocol, connectivity to the world IPv6 networks of Europe and America is provided. The second international channel (Moscow-Helsinki) is put into operation, providing connectivity of the RUNNet network with the scientific and educational network of the Nordic countries (NORDUnet) with a capacity of 622 Mbit/s. The Russian segment of GLORIAD network (Moscow - Samara - Novosibirsk - Khabarovsk) with a performance of 155 Mbit/s was put into operation. Work has been carried out to modernize the Moscow - St. Petersburg - Stockholm communication channel connecting RUNNet/RBNet with the NORDUnet scientific and educational network of the Nordic countries and the GEANT European scientific and educational network, as well as the international Internet segment. The bandwidth of the channel was 2.5 Gbit/s.


1995-2003

Work was carried out on the construction and further development of the network including new nodes in federal university centers and channels.


1994

The work on the construction of the federal university computer network RUNNet (Russian UNiversity Network) began in the summer of 1994 as a part of the state scientific program "Universities of Russia" and was conducted in the future under the "Information Networks of Higher Education" program. The Cooperation Agreement between RUNNet and the Nordic Network of Scandinavia, NORDUnet was signed on October 17. According to this Agreement the parties agreed to cooperate in the following areas: traffic exchange, support of a cohesive infrastructure, international connectivity. The agreement was extended to the RUNNet network, including segments of regional scientific and educational networks connected to it.


Increasing of international RUNNet channels bandwith in dynamics

Year Channels 
2014-2016 110 Gbps
2011-2013 40 Gbps
2010 40 Gbps
2009 20 Gbps
2008 10 Gbps
2007 10 Gbps
2006 2,5 Gbps
2005 2,5 Gbps
2004 2,5 Gbps
2003 622 Mbps
2002 155 Mbps
2000-2001 34 Mbps
1998-1999 Mbps
1997 Mbps
1996 Mbps
1995 256 kbps